Historical Places In India Essay For Kids

Top 10 World Heritage Sites in India

July 10, 2014

by Nandni

Top World Heritage Sites of India

The cultural heritage of a country is a spectacular memorandum of its glorious past. It is that precious inheritance which should be preserved to be passed on from generations to generations. There might be a number of architectural prodigies in a country but only a few of them hold universal importance. These are the cultural heritages which are so exceptional that the protection of these sites becomes the concern of the entire mankind. Such manifestations of history have been categorized as the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO and their preservation is of utmost importance to these international bodies. At present, 137 nations are a part of this resolution and India is one of them. There are 32 such properties in the country which have been touted as the World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO. Out of them 25 are cultural heritages while 7 are the natural ones.

The fact that these places have been chosen as World Heritage Sites justifies their universal importance. Yet there are some of them which, on the basis of their popularity and historical importance, can be considered to be the top ten. So today, I am going to write about ten such places, which I think, deserve to be the best ones from the lot! And the count begins here:

List of Top 10 World Heritage Sites in India

1. Taj Mahal

Location: Agra

One of the Seven Wonders of the World, Taj Mahal is indeed, the most important world heritage site in India. The spellbinding magnificence of this monument needs no explanation.

2. Qutub Minar

Location: New Delhi

Located in the capital city, Qutub Minar is the tall architectural beauty that adorns Delhi with its magnificence. It is the second tallest Minar in the country.

3. Sun Temple

Location: Odisha

Also known as the Black Pagoda, Sun temple is not only a notable architecture but is also one of the most important temples of the South. It belongs to the 13th century and its unique shape of a gigantic chariot accentuates its importance as a heritage site.

4. Monuments of Khajuraho

Location: Madhya Pradesh

These monuments in the state of Madhya Pradesh are fine denotations of the Chandela Dynasty that existed before the invasion of the Mughals. The sculptural beauty which boldly speaks of the relevance of sensuality makes these monuments a notable piece of the history of India.

5. Mahabodhi Temple

Location: Bihar

Spread over an area of 12 acres, the Mahabodhi Temple complex is a pilgrimage site of the Buddhists. Lord Buddha attained enlightenment at this very place and thus, it is exceptionally important for the Buddhist religion.

6. Kaziranga National Park

Location: Assam

Located in the eastern state of Assam, the Kaziranga National Park was deemed as a world heritage site for its exceptional natural environment. It houses around two-thirds of the world’s Great One-horned Rhinoceroses.

7. Chola Temple

Location: Tamil Nadu

Built during the Chola rule, the great living Chola temples of Thanjavur inspired the entire South-east Asia with their grandeur and spectacular designs. These temples have been regarded as the pioneer of building art in south India.

8. Ajanta Caves

Location: Maharashtra

As the unique representations of the Buddhist religion, 31 rock-cut caves have been deemed as the world heritage site in the state of Maharashtra. These magnificent Buddhist caves belong to the 2nd century BC.

9. Mountain Railways of India

Location: West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu

The Mountain Railways of India include the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway (West Bengal), the Nilgiri Mountain Railways (Tamil Nadu) and the Kalka Shimla Railway (Himachal Pradesh). These railways are an outstanding example of prodigal engineering skills used to combat the problem establishing a rail link in the hills.

10. Fatehpur Sikri

Location: Agra

The city of victory, Fatehpur Sikri was built during the glorious reign of the Mughals. It was the luxurious capital of the iconic Mughal Empire.

The architectural heritage of India is so captivating that it is impossible to choose a few. Everyone might have their own favorites! If you find some other site to be more worthy of being included in the list, please leave your suggestions below.

Related Information :

Agra Fort 

Akbar Tomb

Fatehpur Sikri

Places to visit in Agra

The Mausoleum of Itmad-ud-Daulah

Facts About the Taj Mahal

Top 10 Monuments of India

Fun n Food Village in Delhi

Worlds of Wonder

Splash – The Water Park

Bibi-ka-Maqbara : The Mini Taj Mahal


Festivals The tradition of celebrating festivals goes back to the Vedic period. The scriptures and works of literature of this era are replete with references to festivals. These were the celebrations in honour of gods, rivers, trees, mountains, and seasons like spring, and monsoon. These were the times for prayers and meditation, and also for spectacle and procession - occasions to express pure joy with performances comprising music, dance and drama, and conducting fairs.

The Constitution of India has guaranteed the freedom of worship and way of life to all its citizens. This has ensured the rich kaleidoscope of festivals that are celebrated throughout the country. More...

Diwali The most colourful of all the festival is Deepawali or Diwali, the festival of lights. Rama, the central figure in the epic Ramayana, went into exile for 14 years, accompanied by his wife Sita and brother Lakshman. During their wanderings in the forests, Ravana, the king of Lanka, carried Sita away. It was only after an epic battle that Rama vanquished Ravana, rescued Sita and returned home. The journey from Lanka in the south to Ayodhya in the north took 20 days. His triumphal return brought great joy to his people who illuminated the whole city to celebrate the occasion. This tradition continues to this day as houses and cities throughout India are lit up every year (traditionally with small earthenware cups or diyas filled with oil) to commemorate the anniversary. Deepawali signifies the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness. More...

Dussehra The battle between Ravana and Rama and the latter's victory are celebrated as Dussehra in many parts of India, 20 days before Deepawali. Dussehra is the day when the effigies of Ravana, his brothers Meghnath and Kumbhakaran, are burnt.

It is preceded by enactment of the story of the Ramayana by amateur groups of people in what is known as Ram Lila where all-night performances of the Ramayana from the beginning to the end are enacted; the actors are mainly young boys who perform the role of male as well as female characters. More...

Durga Pooja and Ganesh Chaturthi In Bengal, the worship of the Goddess Durga precedes Deepawali. While Goddess Durga is worshipped with great devotion in West Bengal,

Lord Ganesha - acknowledged as the remover of obstacles - is the central figure in the celebration of Ganesh Chaturthi in Maharashtra. characters.

Janmashtami Lord Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Vishnu, is the divine core in the epic Mahabharata. It was he who gave the sermon of the Bhagwat Gita (the song Celestial) to Arjuna, one of the five Pandava brothers during their battle with the Kauravas at Kurukshetra. This battle again epitomises the fight between the forces of evil and good. Lord Krishna is venerated all over India and there are temples dedicated to him specifically but in particular, his home ground of Vrindavan and Mathura where he lived as a boy and revealed his divinity by the miracles he wrought.More...

Guru Nanak Jayanti and Baisakhi The birth anniversaries of Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and last of Gurus, are very important days and are celebrated with religious fervour and devotion. Processions are taken out, the scriptures are chanted, without a break, and the Gurudwaras (Sikh temples) are illuminated.

The Indian calendar, as opposed to the Gregorian, starts in April. New Year's Day is April 13, celebrated as Baisakhi, which coincides with the harvesting of the wheat crop in Northern India, especially in Punjab. People wear new clothes, sing and dance in joy. In Eastern India, the New Year begins on April 14 and again it is a joyous occasion with singing and dancing by young men and women who don their best silken mekhalas (sarongs) and chaddars (an overwrap) and dance to the beat of the drum. This festival is known as Rangali Bihu in Assam.

Holi Then there is Holi, the festivals of colours when men, women and children drench one another with coloured water to celebrate the beauty of spring season, when flowers bloom and deck the earth. More...

The festival of Eid is celebrated at the end of a month-long fasting. Christmas, commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ, transcends the barriers of faith to become an occasion for celebration of joy across the country.

There are also numerous glittering fairs held in the country. The gem in the crown is, of course, the Kumbha Mela held at Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Nashik and Ujjain. Pushkar Fair and Urs at Ajmer are some other famous examples. So are the Nauchandi mela, held on the second Sunday after Holi in Meerut; and Sonepur Cattle Fair - Asia's biggest cattle fair, held on Kartik Poornima in Bihar's Sonepur, on the confluence of river Ganges and Gandak.
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